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The food sovereignty is a political concept introduced in 1996 by Vía Campesina in Rome, as a part of the World Food Summit of the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). It is understood as the faculty of each State to define its own agrarian and food policies, according to objectives of sustainable development and food security. This implies the protection of the home market against excess products that are sold cheaper in the international market and against the practice of dumping (sell under the production costs). This new concept constitutes a breakage in relation to the current arrangement of the agricultural markets, put in operation by the WTO (World Trade Organization). In contrast to the food security defined by FAO, which is centered in the availability of ailments, the food sovereignty also affects in the importance of the production mode of the food as well as its origin. It underlines the relationship between the import of cheap food and the weakening of the local production and agrarian population.

In the Habana Summit in september 2001, mor than 200 organizations, among them APM World Network, RIAD, CERAI and all the allies of TC Network, as well as the representatives of 60 countries, defined the new challenges and contents of the food sovereignty. The concept achieved after several debates was:

 “We understand as food sovereignty the right of the people to determine their own endurable policies and strategies of food production, distribution and consumption that guarantee the right to food for all the population, on the basis of the small and medium production, respecting their own cultures and the diversity of the peasant models, fishing and indigenous models of agricultural production, commerce and rural spaces management, in which the women have a leading role”

In Ecuador, through the approval of the 2008 Constitution, a new system of political organization of the State institutions is opened, a new model of development that recognizes the acquired rights of the people, communities, countries and nationalities towards a food sovereignty. The food sovereignty is assumed as the power to define the food policies of production, transformation, commerce, distribution and consumption with the goal of assuring the human right to an adequate food according to the cultural traditions of all the countries and nationalities of Ecuador.

CAFOLIS has supported and assessed to the social organizations for the construction of the constitutional articles of food sovereignty, in the same way has elaborated several texts  that became work tools that are used as documentary supports for the construction of the Food Sovereignty Law


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